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The misty mountains of southwest China are home to the giant panda, a mammal that lives nowhere else on Earth. Pandas need to live near stands of bamboo, which it eats. Pandas have been hunted and only about 1,600 are left.
China is a land of contrasts and surprises. It is about the size of the United States—but it has five times the population!
Facts about China:
Stretching 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers) from east to west and 3,400 miles (5,500 kilometers) from north to south, China is a large country with widely varying landscapes.Its territory includes mountains, high plateaus, sandy deserts, and dense forests.
One-third of China's land area is made up of mountains. The tallest mountain on Earth, Mount Everest, sits on the border between China and Nepal.
China has thousands of rivers. TheYangtzeand theYellowRivers are the most important. At 3,915 miles (6,300 kilometers) long, the Yangtze is the world's third largest river.HISTORY
China is the home of one of the world's oldest civilizations, but it has only recently become a "modern" nation. In the last 20 years, China has changed faster than any other country in theworld.
Chinese history is divided into dynasties, each of which marks the period when a line of emperors ruled. The first empire was the Qin dynasty and
began in 221 B.C.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
With a population of 1.3 billion, China has more people than any other country on Earth..
Official Name: People's Republic of China
Form of Government: Communist state
Capital: Beijing (Peking)
Official Languages: Standard Chinese, Mandarin
Money: Yuan (or renminbi)
Area:3,705,405 sq mi (9,596,960 sq km)
Major Mountain Range:Himalaya
Major Rivers: Yangtze, Yellow