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  1. #1
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية كعبية برستيج
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    Fasal1 هنا بعض تقارير جاهزة

    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
    شحالكم شيوخ عساكم بخير وسهالة
    المهم انا مستعدة اجهز لكم اي تقرير تبونه خلال ثلاث ايام بس ياليت يكون من المنهج اوكي عاد لا تثقلون علي هههههههه
    تحياتي
    والسمووووووووووووووحة

  2. #2
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية كعبية برستيج
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    افتراضي

    وهذا اول تقرير انشالله يعيبكم ادعولي سلام


    Introduction:-

    Im going to talk about Desert . I choose this subject because I wont to know more about Desert . so in my report I will talk about five thing :-
    - what is the desert ?
    - Types of desert
    - Water in desert ?

    what is the desert ?-
    A desert is a landscape or region that receives very little precipitation. Deserts can be defined as areas that receive an average annual precipitation of less than 250 mm (10 in),[1][2] or as areas in which more water is lost than falls as precipitation.[3] In the Köppen climate classification system, deserts are classed as BWh (hot desert) or BWk (temperate desert). In the Thornthwaite climate classification system, deserts would be classified as arid . megathermal climates


    - Types of desert
    In 1953, Peveril Meigs divided desert regions on Earth into three categories according to the amount of precipitation they received. In this now widely accepted system, extremely arid lands have at least 12 consecutive months without rainfall, arid lands have less than 250 millimeters (10 in) of annual rainfall, and semiarid lands have a mean annual precipitation of between 250 and 500 millimeters (10-20 in). Arid and extremely arid lands are deserts, and semiarid grasslands are generally referred to as steppes.[1]
    Measurement of rainfall alone cannot provide an accurate definition of what a desert is because being arid also depends on evaporation, which depends in part on temperature. For example, Phoenix, Arizona receives less than 250 millimeters (10 in) of precipitation per year, and is immediately recognized as being located in a desert due to its arid adapted plants. However, the North Slope of Alaska's Brooks Range also receives less than 250 millimeters (10 in) of precipitation per year, and is not generally recognized as a desert region.[citation needed]
    Potential evapotranspiration supplements the measurement of rainfall in providing a scientific measurement-based definition of a desert. The water budget of an area can be calculated using the formula P-PE±S, wherein P is precipitation, PE is potential evapotranspiration rates and S is amount of surface storage of water. Evapotranspiration is the combination of water loss through atmospheric evaporation and through the life processes of plants. Potential evapotranspiration, then, is the amount of water that could evaporate in any given region. As an example, Tucson, Arizona receives about 300 millimeters, (12 in), of rain per year, however about 2500 millimeters, (100 in), of water could evaporate over the course of a year.[citation needed] In other words, about 8 times more water could evaporate from the region than actually falls. Rates of evapotranspiration in cold regions such as Alaska are much lower because of the lack of heat to aid in the evaporation process.
    There are different forms of deserts. Cold deserts can be covered in snow or ice; frozen water unavailable to plant life. These are more commonly referred to as tundra if a short season of above-freezing temperatures is experienced, or as an ice cap if the temperature remains below freezing year-round, rendering the land almost completely lifeless.
    Most non-polar deserts are hot in the day and chilly at night (for the latitude) because of the lack of the moderating effect of water. In some parts of the world, deserts are created by a rain shadow effect in which air masses lose much of their moisture as they move over a mountain range; other areas are arid by virtue of being very far from the nearest available sources of moisture.
    Deserts are also classified by their geographical location and dominant weather pattern as trade wind, mid-latitude, rain shadow, coastal, monsoon, or polar deserts. Former desert areas presently in non-arid environments are paleodeserts.
    Montane deserts are arid places with a very high altitude; the most prominent example is found north of the Himalaya especially in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, in parts of the Kunlun Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau. Many locations within this category have elevations exceeding 3,000 meters (10,000 ft) and the thermal regime can be hemiboreal. These places owe their profound aridity (the average annual precipitation is often less than 40 mm/1.5in) to being very far from the nearest available sources of moisture. Montane deserts are normally cold.
    Rain shadow deserts form when tall mountain ranges block clouds from reaching areas in the direction the wind is going. As the air moves over the mountains, it cools and moisture condenses, causing precipitation on the windward side. When that air reaches the leeward side, it is dry because it has lost the majority of its moisture, resulting in a desert. The air then warms, expands, and blows across the desert. The warm, desiccated air takes with it any remaining moisture in the desert.

    - Water in desert ?
    Atacama is the driest place on Earth[9][10][11][12] and is virtually sterile because it is blocked from moisture on XXXX sides by the Andes mountains and by the Chilean Coast Range. The cold Humboldt Current and the anticyclone of the Pacific are essential to keep the dry climate of the Atacama. The average rainfall in the Chilean region of Antofagasta is just 1 mm per year. Some weather stations in the Atacama have never received rain. Evidence suggests that the Atacama may not have had any significant rainfall from 1570 to 1971. It is so arid that mountains that reach as high as 6,885 metres (22,590 feet) are completely free of glaciers and, in the southern part from 25°S to 27°S, may have been glacier-free throughout the Quaternary, though permafrost extends down to an altitude of 4,400 metres and is continuous above 5,600 metres.
    Rain does fall occasionally in deserts, and desert storms are often violent. A record 44 millimeters (1.7 in) of rain once fell within 3 hours in the Sahara. Large Saharan storms may deliver up to 1 millimeter per minute. Normally dry stream channels, called arroyos or wadis, can quickly fill after heavy rains, and flash floods make these channels dangerous. Though little rain falls in deserts, deserts receive runoff from ephemeral, or short-lived, streams fed considerable quantities of sediment for a day or two. Although most deserts are in basins with closed or interior drainage, a few deserts are crossed by 'exotic' rivers that derive their water from outside the desert. Such rivers infiltrate soils and evaporate large amounts of water on their journeys through the deserts, but their volumes are such that they maintain their continuity. The Nile River, the Colorado River, and the Yellow River are exotic rivers that flow through deserts to deliver their sediments to the sea. Deserts may also have underground springs, rivers, or reservoirs that lie close to the surface, or deep underground. Plants that have not completely adapted to sporadic rainfalls in a desert environment may tap into underground water sources that do not exceed the reach of their root systems.
    Lakes form where rainfall or meltwater in interior drainage basins is sufficient. Desert lakes are generally shallow, temporary, and salty. Because these lakes are shallow and have a low bottom gradient, wind stress may cause the lake waters to move over many square kilometers. When small lakes dry up, they leave a salt crust or hardpan. The flat area of clay, silt, or sand encrusted with salt that forms is known as a playa. There are more than a hundred playas in North American deserts. Most are relics of large lakes that existed during the last ice age about 12,000 years ago. Lake Bonneville was a 52,000 kilometers² (20,000 mi²) lake almost 300 meters (1000 ft) deep in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho during the Ice Age. Today the remnants of Lake Bonneville include Utah's Great Salt Lake, Utah Lake, and Sevier Lake. Because playas are arid landforms from a wetter past, they contain useful clues to clima


    - conclusion :
    Finally I learn a lot about desert like :-
    - what is the desert ?
    - Types of desert
    - Water in desert ?

    - I wish that my friend read my report to get benefit from it .

    And I wish that my teacher admire my report and thanks .

  3. #3
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية كعبية برستيج
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    Sep 2008
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    افتراضي

    السلام عليكم
    وهذا تقرير مالي مع البور بوينت عن البدو انشالله يعيبكم
    السموووووووووووووووحة على القصور
    الملفات المرفقة الملفات المرفقة

  4. #4
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية كعبية برستيج
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    افتراضي

    هذا طال عمرج الي تبيه عن فيديو جيم
    A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device. The word video in video game traditionally referred to a raster display device.[1] However, with the popular use of the term "video game", it now implies any type of display device. The electronic systems used to play video games are known as platforms; examples of these are personal computers and video game consoles. These platforms are broad in range, from large computers to small handheld devices. Specialized video games such as arcade games, while previously common, have gradually declined in use.

  5. #5
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية حمودي90
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    Dec 2008
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    افتراضي

    تفضلي الغلا ( طالبة متميزة 12 ) هذا تقرير عن fast food
    الملفات المرفقة الملفات المرفقة

  6. #6
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية حمودي90
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    Dec 2008
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    افتراضي

    وهذا تقرير حق % صمت القصايد % عن pollution
    الملفات المرفقة الملفات المرفقة

  7. #7
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية كعبية برستيج
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    افتراضي

    حيكم مرحبا الساع
    السموووووووووووووحة على التاخير
    هذا تقرير عن Leisure Time

    Introduction



    For more than 25 years, Leisure Time has been the premier name in spa water care. During that time, spas have become more luxurious and consumers more sophisticated. To continue earning our position as the leader in spa water care, Leisure Time continually improves its product line, the program and the packaging that elegantly wraps up years of innovation..



    Whets the Leisure Time??


    Leisure or free time, is a period of time spent out of work and essential domestic activity. It is also the period of recreational and discretionary time before or after compulsory activities such as eating and sleeping, going to work 'or running a business, attending school and doing homework, household chores, and day-to-day stress. The distinction between leisure and compulsory activities is loosely applied, i.e. people sometimes do work-oriented tasks for pleasure as well as for long-term utility.









    Types of leisure
    • Active leisure activities involve the exertion of physical or mental energy. Low-impact physical activitie
    • s include walking and yoga, which expend little energy and have little contact or competition. High-impact activities such as kick-boxing and football consume much energy and are competitive. Some active leisure activities involve almost no physical activity, but do require a substantial mental effort, such as playing chess or painting a picture. Active leisure and recreation overlap significantly.
    • Passive leisure activities are those in which a person does not exert any significant physical or mental energy, such as going to the cinema, watching television, or gambling on slot machines. Some leisure experts discourage these types of leisure activity, on the grounds that they do not provide the benefits offered by active leisure activities. For example, acting in a community drama (an active leisure activity) could build a person's skills or self-confidence. Nevertheless, passive leisure activities are a good way of relaxing for many people.

    Examples of leisure activities
    People who work indoors and spend most of their time sitting and doing sedentary office work can add physical activity to their lives by doing sports during their leisure time, such as playing a ball game, going camping, hiking or fishing. On the other hand, people whose jobs involve a lot of physical activity may prefer to spend their free time doing quiet, relaxing activities, such as reading books or magazines or watching TV. Some people find that collecting stamps, XXXXXXXXX, badges, model cars,planes or ships, bottles, or antiques are relaxing hobbies.
    Free time is organized in many schools and institutions. Schools may offer many extracurricular activities including hobby groups, sports activities, and choirs. Other institutions such as retirement homes and hospitals also offer activities such as clubs and meetings for playing games or simply organized periods for conversation.
    Most people like socializing with friends for dinner or a drink after a hard day at work. For many young people, having a regular night out a week is a normal part of their free time, whether it is joining friends for a drink in a pub, dining out in a restaurant, watching a film, playing video games or dancing at a club.
    Some people do leisure activities that also have a longer-term goal. In some cases, people do a leisure activity that they hope to turn into a full-time activity (e.g., volunteer paramedics who hope to eventually become professional paramedics). Many people also study part-time in evening university or college courses, XXXX for the love of learning, and to help their career prospects.




    Conclusion

    And for my I thing I m really clever to know how to spend my free time in usfel thing .

    - I wish that my friend read my report to get benefit from it .

    And I wish that my teacher admire my report and thanks

  8. #8
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية roroho
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Sep 2007
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    Masafi
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    افتراضي

    انا عندي عن ال pollution

    What is pollution?

    What is pollution?
    Pollution is when water, air or land becomes very dirty. Pollution can come in 4 different types effecting different types of areas in the world. Air pollution effects the air, water pollution effects the water and marine life, land pollution effects the land destroying life and the enviroment and there is also noise pollution that can effect our hearing.We all contribute to pollution in some way or another. Whether it be with a large amount or small amount we can still cause major damage to our health and the enviroment. Although we all contribute to help stop the increase of pollution. Very little people realize that pollution is very harmful because they don't think of the enviroment, themselves and other people and what it can do.Pollution is an important factor to our lives. It involves our society and all other animals. Pollution is gradually destroying our planet and is gradually killing ourselves too. Like air pollution, smog and acid rain is a killer to all of us. It destroys marine life, our own health and destroys historical monuments and statues.



    Air pollution
    Air pollution is a major problem effectng the entire world esspecially when we start burning forests which are the main source to oxygen (O2). Air pollution is very harmful it is destructive to living organs. The air is made of mainly of oxygen and nitrogen but it also contains tiny amounts of other gasses such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen and helium. most of it is nitrogen.
    We all contribute to air pollution in some way or another. Whether it be with a large amount or small amount we can still cause major damage to our health and the enviroment. Although we all contribute to help stop the increase of air pollution.
    Land Pollution
    Mismanagement of the land will cause is becoming a big problem. The pollution it causes are soil erosion, degradation and salinisation are just a few other problems facing the state of our land. The causes are losing 6 hectares of land every year and losing 24 billion tons of top soil. Globally we are losing a minimum of 15 million acres of prime agricultural land to overuse and mismanagement every year.
    Desertification is threatening about one third (sixteen million square miles) of the world’s land surface.


    Water Pollution

    What is water pollution?
    Water covers 70% of the earth and only 3% of fresh water. 1% of fresh water and 2% of frozen fresh water. Pollution is a major cause to life. It impacts on marine life and is a major impact to life in the whole world.
    Subsequently, we are slowly but surely harming our planet to the point where organisms are dying at a very alarming rate. In addition to innocent organisms dying off, our drinking water has become greatly affected as is our ability to use water for recreational purposes. In order to combat water pollution, we must understand the problems and become part of the solution.
    Causes of water pollution
    Many causes of water pollution including sewage and fertilizers contain nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates. In excess levels, nutrients over stimulate the growth of aquatic plants and algae. Excessive growth of these types of organisms consequently clogs our waterways, use up dissolved oxygen as they decompose, and block light to deeper waters.

    The pollution is also caused when silt and other suspended solids, such as soil, wash off plowed fields, construction and logging sites, urban areas, and eroded river banks when it rains. Under natural conditions, lakes, rivers, and other water bodies undergo Eutrophication, an aging process that slowly fills in the water body with sediment and organic matter. When the sediments various bodies of water, fish and other marine life respiration becomes impaired. Pollution in the form of organic
    material enters waterways in many different forms as sewage, as leaves and grass clippings, or as runoff from livestock feedlots and pastures.

    When natural bacteria and protozoan in the water break down this organic material, they begin to use up the oxygen dissolved in the water. Many fish or other marine life can not survive when oxygen levels drop below two to five parts per million. When this occurs, the fish will gradually die and the food chain will get disrupted meaning the marine life will gradually disappear.





    Refrences:
    Untitled Document
    Dr Pedi - What Is Pollution? How Does It Affect Us?
    What is pollution?

  9. #9
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية roroho
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Sep 2007
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    Masafi
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    25

    افتراضي

    Nomads



    Im going to talk about Nomadic . I choose this subject because I wont to know more about Bedouins people . so in my report I will talk about five thing :-
    - Nomadic lifestyles
    - Dialects
    - Social structures
    - Culture
    - History



    Nomadic lifestyles

    Bedouins are normally migrating only in parts of the year, depending on grazing conditions. In winter, when there is some precipitation, they migrate deeper into the desert, while they seek refuge around secure water sources in the hot and dry summer time. For many Bedouins, the city is the preferred location for the summer months.
    Modern societies have made traditional Bedouin lifestyles less attractive — as they are demanding and often dangerous — so that many tribes have settled in urban areas. At the same time many governments have taken strong measures to regulate nomadic lifestyles. Historically their way of living has represented a military threat to urban rulers, and it has also been important to decide who belongs where, who owns the land and how will taxes be collected.

    Dialects
    Even in modern Arabic, Bedouin dialectic characteristics are evident. Bedouin Arabic is spoken by more Arabs than just the ones keeping up their traditional lifestyles.
    The Bedouin Arabic is divided into two zones, the eastern and the western, with borders running almost parallel to the Egyptian/Libyan border.



    Social structures
    Bedouins organize themselves according to patrilinear corporate groups. The size of these groups depends on social context and can vary from a handful of people close in kin to several thousands making up a tribe. Bedouins define themselves as members of tribes and families. All defined groups are headed by shaykhs, "elders", a position that is hereditary, going from father to son. People are divided into social classes, depending on ancestry and profession. Passing from one class to another is relatively feasible, but marriage between a man and a woman of different classes is difficult.





    Culture
    Throughout recorded history poetry has been a central cultural form of expression for the Bedouins, and in early centuries of Muslim history, Bedouin poetry represented the ideal standard for other literary achievements, as well as for Arabic language.
    Bedouins are predominantly Muslims, while there are small groups of Christians in Palestine and Syria.
    Food eaten by Bedouins upholding traditional lifestyles, are dairy products, milk and meat. Bedouins sell and barter products, in order to obtain agricultural foodstuff from sedentary peoples.
    Bedouins live in in tents made out of goat or camel hair, as well as fibres from plants. These tents normally have a black colour. As for more temporary settlements, Bedouins construct simple, unadorned houses, built from mud and stone.

    History
    7th century: With the Muslim conquests, the territory of the Bedouins, originally limited to Arabia, increased. New territories became Syria and Egypt.
    Around 1XXX: Bedouin migrations to North Africa, with dramatic and lasting effects on urban lifestyles of this region — pasture land was reduced to semidesert.





    - conclusion :
    Finally I learn a lot about Nomadic like :-
    - Nomadic lifestyles
    - Dialects
    - Social structures
    - Culture
    - History …
    And I wish that my teacher admire my report and thanks .
    - I wish that my friend read my report to get benefit from it .


    - References :-
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bedouin-
    http://i-cias.com/e.o/bedouins.htm-
    http://www.geographia.com/egypt/sinai/bedouin02.htm-

  10. #10
    عضو جديد الصورة الرمزية roroho
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Sep 2007
    الدولة
    Masafi
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    25

    افتراضي

    How could you keep fit & save your self from disease



    Fitness is just as imperative as health. As a matter of fact, fitness is linked directly with your health. If you are not taking care of your body, you will get sick. Health is more than the absence of disease. Health is a condition of being at our best physically, mentally, socially, and spiritually. When we’re healthy, we’ve achieved balance in our lives between the many competing demands of work, family and friends, time to contribute to our communities, and taking care of ourselves. Health is a positive state of well-being.
    To keep your fitness you should be physically active Keep moving. For example , Moderate exercise like regular walking can make us feel better and protect you from some diseases. Gardening, dancing, bike riding, and swimming are fun ways of getting physical activity.






    In additional, The exercise keeps your body healthy. Everyone can benefit from regular exercise. A person who is active will:



    • have stronger muscles and bones.
    • have a leaner body because exercise helps control body fat .
    • be less likely to become overweight .
    • possibly lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.
    • have a better outlook on life.





    Eating healthy foods and being physically active can make you feel better about your body. Why? Because eating a healthy diet will help you feel energized and keeps your body working just the way it should. You should take food according to the food pyramid which divides food into four groups, carbohydrate, protein, fat and fibre. In your daily meals, breakfast, lunch or dinner, you must include each one of these types of food. Balanced food promises your a lot of goodness and one of it is maintaining our mental health in good stability always.





    Moreover,you must control your stress.Stress is a normal part of our lives. Our reactions to stress can contribute to illness. We all need to learn to release the tension that comes from stress.
    A few ideas to relieve tension are to take naps, talk out problems and negative feelings, cry, exercise, laugh, learn techniques to relax your body and quiet your mind, and reduce the sources of stress.
    Always contact your caregiver when you need professional medical attention.








    CONCLUSION


    People worry about their weight all the time, and try different ways to keep fit. Do you worry about the way you look? Do you feel you are over weighted? What have you done to lose weight and keep fit? Are afraid from diseases because of your weight?!. Don`t worry and rest, because you can avoid every diseases and keep fit at the seam time. That’s asking you to be brave and positive. First promise your self that you will not let down your self and other people who care about you. It`s important to know that when keep fit you will protect your body from diseases. You should have a healthy system to your life, like doing exercises or yoga regularly and having a variety in your food. As long as your food is rich in nutrients and you’re eating enough then you don’t have anything to worry about. Get away from junk food , sodas, sweats..etc. That`s means you should have a balance diet Don`t press hard in your self. Finally, I would like to note that keeping fit is the key to live a happy life. I advice every one to take care of your bodies, and remember that the healthy mind is in the healthy body.







    LIST OF RESOURSES USED IN THIS REPORT:


    How to Keep Your Body Fit - Exercise
    keepfit.org
    Telegraph Online Newspaper London
    The Internet Movie Database (IMDb)

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